Approved Source Protection Plan - 2014

What is a source protection plan?

A source protection plan is a document prepared under the Ontario Clean Water Act to direct local efforts to keep our source water clean and plentiful. It includes water goblet policies that address the drinking water threats that were identified in our Assessment Report.

The type of content that may be included in a source protection plan is set out in Ontario Regulation 287/07 under the Clean Water Act.

Source protection plans will be implemented by many organizations and individuals, including municipalities, the provincial government, businesses, and others. More information on source protection plans is available on the Ministry of Environment website.


The Cataraqui Source Protection Committee (SP Committee) has developed a draft source protection plan for the 12 municipal drinking water systems in the Cataraqui Source Protection Area, as well as for vulnerable groundwater areas throughout the region. The draft plan, was completed in August 2012 and was submitted to the Ontario Minister of the Environment. We have received comments from the Ministry of Environment on the plan, revised the plan and did further consultation in early 2014 with municipalities and other affected groups.

The Cataraqui Source Protection Plan was approved on November 26, 2014.

The SP Committee has developed policies that it believes are appropriate and effective to address the identified threats to local source water, and that are economical for communities that will be implementing them. A range of approaches have been used to address these threats including improving public programs, requiring new approvals and updating municipal planning documents.

The Cataraqui Source Protection Plan addresses drinking water quality threats. This is because our technical work did not identify significant water quantity problems at any of the municipal drinking water systems. Significant drinking water threats exist or have the potential to exist in these six vulnerable areas:

  • Brockville Intake Protection Zone
  • James W. King Intake Protection Zone (Gananoque)
  • Sydenham Intake Protection Zone
  • Cana Wellhead Protection Area (Kingston Mills)
  • Lansdowne Wellhead Protection Area
  • Miller Manor Apartments Wellhead Protection Area.

The Cataraqui Source Protection Plan also addresses moderate and low drinking water threats that were identified in our Assessment Report including those in:

  • intake protection zones around municipal drinking water intakes
  • wellhead protection areas around municipal wells
  • highly vulnerable aquifers and significant groundwater recharge areas.

Under the Clean Water Act the SP Committee is required to address all activities that are existing significant drinking water threats, or that would be significant drinking water threats if the activities were to occur in the future.

The Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MOE) has specified what activities would be significant drinking water threats.

The Assessment Report: Cataraqui Source Protection Area (June 2011) identified relatively few existing significant threats around the municipal supplies in our area. This means that the emphasis for our source protection plan will be preventing new risks from arising in the future.

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Explanatory Document

A companion explanatory document has been prepared to accompany the proposed plan. Among other items, it sets out the Source Protection Committee's reasons for the policies that have been developed.

The explanatory document has been organized to match the order of the chapters in the draft plan. Numbers have been assigned to each policy (e.g. 4.2.1-NB) for ease of cross-referencing between the Source Protection Plan and the rationale for the policies.

Ontario Regulation 287/07 sets out the content requirements for an explanatory document.

Public consultation and participation

Throughout the source protection plan process there have been opportunities for public consultation and participation.

From January to June 2011, the Cataraqui Source Protection Committee hosted 12 community roundtables to discuss local drinking water threats and to develop policy ideas for the source protection plan.

Following the roundtables we developed policy ideas for each of our vulnerable areas. These were shared with our roundtable participants, municipalities, provincial and federal government agencies and the public.

The draft source protection plan was posted for public comment in late February 2012. Public open houses were held in March 2012. Comments on the draft plan were due in April 2012.

A number of comments on the draft source protection plan were received and were incorporated into the proposed source protection plan that is now posted here.

The proposed source protection plan was posted again in June 2012 and the comment period closed on July 31, 2012.

The Cataraqui Source Protection Authority submitted the proposed source protection plan to the Ontario Minister of the Environment for approval in August 2012. Comments that were received before the July deadline were submitted with the plan. You can view a summary of the comments received here.

The proposed plan was reviewed by the Ministry of Environment and a number of changes were requested in early 2014. These were considered by the Source Protection Committee. The plan was revised and was re-submitted to the Ministry of the Environment for approval in May 2014.

The plan was approved by the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change on November 26, 2014. Links to the approved plan are posted below.

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Source Protection Plan Chapters

Because of the size of this document, it is posted in pieces. Each chapter is posted separately and each of the maps and appendices are posted separately.

Click on the links below to view the Source Protection Plan. Each of the links connects to a PDF document.

You can also download the entire text of the plan here (2.4 MB, 160 pages). Note that you will need to download the maps and appendices separately by clicking on the links below.

For a summary of the Plan see our summary page.

View the Source Protection Plan summary in French here.

Preface Materials - Acknowledgements, List of Tables, List of Figures, List of Schedules, List of Appendices, List of Acronyms, Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Overview

  • 1.1 Purpose
  • 1.2 Plan Objectives
  • 1.3 Vision
  • 1.4 Application of the Plan
  • 1.5 How to Read this Plan
  • 1.6 End Users of the Source Protection Plan

Chapter 2 Introduction

  • 2.1 Drinking Water Source Protection in Ontario
  • 2.2 Source Water Protection at the Local Level
  • 2.3 Cataraqui Source Protection Area
  • 2.4 Policy Context for Protecting Water
  • 2.5 Development of the Source Protection Plan
  • 2.6 Matters Shared with Neighbouring Jurisdictions

Chapter 3 Implementation

  • 3.1 General Responsibilities
  • 3.2 Legal Effect of Policies
  • 3.3 Timeline for Implementation
  • 3.4 Annual Reporting to the Ministry of the Environment
  • 3.5 Review and Amendment

Chapter 4 Policies for all Vulnerable Areas

  • 4.1 Overview
  • 4.2 Raw Water Quality Sampling
  • 4.3 Emergency and Spill Response
  • 4.4 Education and Outreach Programs
  • 4.5 Incentive Programs
  • 4.6 Research Initiatives
  • 4.7 Provincial and Municipal Programs, Policies and Procedures

Chapter 5 Policies for Regional Areas of Sensitive Groundwater

  • 5.1 Overview
  • 5.2 Education and Outreach Programs
  • 5.3 Research and Monitoring Initiatives
  • 5.4 On-site Sewage System Maintenance
  • 5.5 Land Use Planning and Development

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Chapter 6 Policies for Wellhead Protection Areas

  • 6.1 Overview
  • 6.2 Policies for all Wellhead Protection Areas
  • 6.3 Policies Specific to Cana Wellhead Protection Area
  • 6.4 Policies Specific to Lansdowne Wellhead Protection Area
  • 6.5 Policies Specific to Miller Manor Wellhead Protection Area

Chapter 7 Policies for Surface Water Intake Protection Zones

  • 7.1 Overview
  • 7.2 Policies for all Intake Protection Zones
  • 7.3 Policies Specific to Sydenham Intake Protection Zone
  • 7.4 Policies Specific to Brockville Intake Protection Zone
  • 7.5 Policies Specific to James W. King (Gananoque) Intake Protection Zone
  • 7.6 Policies Specific to Point Pleasant and Kingston Central Intake Protection Zones
  • 7.7 Policies Specific to Bath Intake Protection Zone

References and Glossary of Terms

Schedules (Maps) - these are posted individually because of file sizes


Appendices B to D

Policy Reference Number Conversion Table

Explanatory Document for the Source Protection Plan

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To view a printed copy of the Source Protection Plan

Please call the Cataraqui Region Conservation Authority Administration Office at 1641 Perth Road, Glenburnie (Kingston) from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. from Monday to Friday. A copy will be made available for you to view.

Terms of Reference

Studies and Reports

Watershed Characterization Report

Assessment Report

Source Protection Plan - 2014

Click on the links below to navigate this page.

Source Protection Plan - Executive Summary

  • View our Executive Summary in French here.

  • Paper copies of the Source Protection Plan are available to review at:

    The CRCA Administration Office, 1641 Perth Road, Glenburnie (Kingston).












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